Main Principles Of Krav Maga

Lately I have been thinking about the main principles of Krav Maga as they were taught to me and later added by myself over the last twenty years. It is my belief that understanding the principles of Krav Maga is important for a greater knowledge of krav maga as a system and for you to have in mind when you are training.

 

There are technical and tactical principles when it comes to defending yourself, or others, as well as principles that are directed to our way of life in combat. Perhaps the first and most important principles is that you must strive to win so that the enemy/aggressor/criminal will not be able to continue. Secondly, you need to aim in order to avoid, prevent or de-escalate the situation you are facing, especially in self-defense. Do not forget, if you need to act, act decisively and correctly according to the danger presented.

  • In fighting and in combat – inflict maximum damage to your enemy, with minimum time spent, while sustaining minimum harm to yourself.
  • In 3rdparty protection – protect your loved ones at all costs.
  • Always act according to the law of the country you are in.

TECHNICAL PRINCIPLES

In KMG we have principles of attacks and principles of defenses which are in many ways connected.
While you at certain situations only need to defend, it is also necessary to plan for an be ready to use the principles of attack.

eyal gun defense small
Principles of Attacks

  • Understanding the hierarchy: tool; technique; principles; variations; simulations and role-play.
  • The importance and effect of recoil.
  • Understanding maximization of speed and mass to enlarge quantities of kinetic energy and pulse/momentum.
  • Understanding the kinetic chain.
  • 5 ranges:
    • XS – for grappling, squeezing and throwing
    • S – for head-butts; elbows, hooks, certain hammer strikes, knee kicks
    • M – strikes with stretched arm
    • L – Kicks at leg’s length
    • XL – advance or use object to reach.
  • 6 (5+1) directions of attacks: two horizontals; two verticals; straight in and out.
  • All existing variations of angles, directions and ranges.

eyal - knife defense small

Principles of Defences

  • Three types of dynamic (body) defenses: lateral and horizontal moves (8 directions of the compass rose); torque, pivot and turn; change of height.
  • Additional principles of defenses in releases.
  • Several kind of active (hand or leg) defenses that stop, deflect, or redirect the attack
  • Several kind of actions are related to releases and ground self-defense, including trapping, bridging, hooking and scraping (plucking).

 

TACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS DURING KMG ACTIONS

 

  • Defend and counter ASAP.
  • Strive for contact or disengage.
  • Search for additional aggressors.
  • Look for common objects that may assist in the KMG actions.
  • Evacuate yourself and others and check for injuries.
  • Inform and assist the authorities.

 

GUIDELINES FOR KMG ACTIONS

  • Respect your fellow trainee, your seniors and instructors.
  • Cultivate faith (in the way), trust (your instructor) and believe (in yourself).
  • Avoid injuries, but also learn how to overcome them.
  • Comply with your natural reflexes, they are the foundations of KMG techniques.
  • Strike at any suitable vulnerable and use any appropriate body part or common tool.
  • Do not comply with any sport or competition rules.

 

As I wrote in the heading, this is only the very short version of the principles of Krav Maga Global. Time permitting, I will try and put together a more comprehensive explanation that will also use examples and stories from my past. If you have any questions, please go to our Facebook – KMG Official Group and ask them there.

 

Eyal-KMG

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kol Tuv,
Eyal Yanilov

Article originally published here:
https://krav-maga.com/blog/main-principles-of-krav-maga-kmg-short-version/

How do you protect another person?

 

 

One of Australia’s top Krav Maga instructors explains how to tackle a situation where you need to protect another person rather than just yourself.


White enters from the side and clears the knife while taking the attacker off balance

How do you protect a friend or family member already being attacked? Specifically, how should you enter and leave the fight safely?

THE EXPERT
Adam White is one of the most experienced Krav Maga instructors in Australia, having trained in such places as Israel, Thailand, Poland and Hungary. He was awarded the rank of Expert Level 2 from his instructor, Mr Eyal Yanilov, the chief instructor of Krav Maga Global, in Israel in 2010.

As well as teaching regular classes in Newcastle, White has taught Krav Maga at workshops/seminars and camps in Sydney, Canberra, Adelaide and Melbourne, with civilians and members of the police and military forces. He holds a Civilian Instructor Certificate, Military Instructor Certificate and Law Enforcement Instructor Certificate. He is also a member of the International Training team for KMG.

THE ANSWER
One of the first basic principles that students learn in Krav Maga is ‘Do not get hurt’. When presented the option of whether to protect someone, you need to consider the dangers or risk of injury to you and to others. This definitely applies when helping others who have no connection with you, or those you have no legal (e.g. duty of care) or moral obligation to assist. If you do decide to assist another person in a potentially escalating violent confrontation, then Krav Maga has some basic tactics and principles that may assist. (To make it easier, I will call the third person ‘the victim’, and the person who helps the third person ‘the rescuer’.)

The first principle of defending yourself and/or others is to be aware of your environment and the people within it. This may include knowing where exits or escape routes are, the location of improvised weapons and the intentions of the people. If the environment is clearly not safe, then if possible, leave the area with the third person.

If we find a friend or family member already being engaged by an aggressor and stuck in a situation that may become violent, we can employ some non-lethal techniques to discourage the aggressor from continuing. Screening is where the rescuer places their body between the attacker and the victim. This creates a physical barrier that protects the victim from further harm and may even stop the incident at this point, especially if the physical intervention is combined with calm, non-provocative verbal defusion tactics. An important point to remember, however, is that the rescuer can become the attacker’s new target, so be prepared.

If the attacker has become more aggressive and starts using threatening gestures, then we may have to use soft options to discourage the attacker. We can lead with an ‘educational block’ — a strike to the chest, followed by pressing fingers into the attacker’s jugular notch — and a sweep of the attacker’s arm that is on the victim, as well as employing the screening concept. From here, the rescuer can remove the victim from harm’s way.

If the attacker has taken the situation a step further and uses a weapon to threaten the victim, this heightening of aggression and the belief of the rescuer that physical harm will happen to the victim, allows the rescuer to increase their use of force in their response. An example is a knife threat against the victim; the rescuer must apply already-learned skills for countering a knife threat, in line with the principles of protecting a third person. The knife threat is on the victim, so the defender will send their hand out towards the wrist of the attacker’s knife-hand, redirecting the knife away from the victim. As in the previous examples, he needs to screen the victim from more attacks by stepping between the attacker and defender, and creating distance. The rescuer then deals with the attacker directly by whatever means necessary until the danger is eliminated, then escorts the victim away from the scene.

 

When we find a victim being assaulted with strikes, we need to stop the attack as soon as possible to minimise the injury to the victim. How we solve the problem will be dictated by the angle at which we need to approach. When approaching from behind or beside the victim, we can hit the attacker with hand-strikes and kicks to stop and separate the attacker from the victim, adding in our screening tactic.

When approaching from behind the attacker, we need to be careful to separate the attacker from the victim without injuring the victim in the process. For this we can use a simple takedown, whereby we grab the attacker’s head (using the eye sockets/forehead for leverage, as shown above) and stomp the back of their knee. We then pull and turn their head back and force the attacker to the ground face-first. From there we can escort the victim away.

We must remember that our actions could escalate the confrontation, so we must gauge the situation quickly, use an appropriate level of force and be aware that bystanders may be with the attacker and might choose to get involved if we do.

It’s also important to use tactical communication with both the attacker and the victim. When in a stressful situation, some people will freeze up; so, when trying to help a third person out of trouble, we need to communicate to them with clear, strong and basic instructions. For example, we might need to give simple directions such as “MOVE, GET UP, INTO THE CAR.”

In this article we have only touched on a very small section of the third-person protection subject taught within Krav Maga, and effecting these techniques well requires training. If you are untrained or if there is a high risk to you trying to stop the attack, these non-physical tactics may help: phone the police, write down the description of the attacker/s and/or a car registration, and/or distract the attackers from a safe distance.

Written by Adam White
Originally posted at Blitz Magazine